There are two types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The initial type is inner links, having two internal plates held jointly by two sleeves or bushings upon which rotate two rollers. Inner links alternate with the next type, the external links, comprising two outer plates held jointly by pins passing through the bushings of the internal links. The “bushingless” roller chain is comparable in procedure though not in structure; instead of individual bushings or sleeves keeping the inner plates together, the plate includes a tube stamped involved with it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. It has the advantage of removing one step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction in comparison to simpler designs, leading to higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain types lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and external plates kept by pins which directly contacted the sprocket tooth; however this configuration exhibited incredibly rapid use of both sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This issue was partially solved by the advancement of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates moving through bushings or sleeves linking the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desired, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers around the bushing sleeves of the chain and supplied rolling contact with one’s teeth of the sprockets leading to excellent resistance to use of both sprockets and chain aswell. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is usually sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is definitely of principal importance for efficient procedure and also correct tensioning.