Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers contain four fundamental components: a high-speed input shaft, a single or substance cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In compound reducers, the first tabs on the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam supporters in the casing. Cylindrical cam followers become teeth on the inner gear, and the number of cam fans exceeds the number of cam lobes. The second track of substance cam lobes engages with cam supporters on the output shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the result shaft, thus raising torque and reducing speed.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes offer ratios ranging from only 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking levels, as in regular planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound reduction and will be calculated using:
where nhsg = the number of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the number for followers or rollers in the gradual rate output shaft (flange).
There are many commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations derive from gear geometry, heat therapy, and finishing processes, cycloidal variations share fundamental design concepts but generate cycloidal movement in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made up of three basic force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or more satellite or world gears, and an internal ring gear. In a typical gearbox, the sun gear attaches to the input shaft, which is linked to the servomotor. Sunlight gear transmits engine rotation to the satellites which, in turn, rotate within the stationary ring equipment. The ring equipment is section of the gearbox housing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts linked to the planet carrier and cause the earth carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the output shaft. The gearbox provides output shaft higher torque and lower rpm.
Planetary gearboxes generally have single or two-gear stages for reduction ratios ranging from 3:1 to 100:1. A third stage could be added for also higher ratios, nonetheless it is not common.
The ratio of a planetary gearbox is calculated using the next formula:
where nring = the amount of teeth in the inner ring gear and nsun = the number of teeth in the pinion (input) gear.
Great things about cycloidal gearboxes
• Zero or very-low backlash remains relatively constant during existence of the application
• Rolling instead of sliding contact
• Low wear
• Shock-load capacity
• Torsional stiffness
• Flat, pancake design
• Ratios exceeding 200:1 in a compact size
• Quiet operation
Ever-Power Cycloidal Gear technology is the far excellent choice when compared to traditional planetary and cam indexing products.
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