Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase engine operates beneath the same principle as the polyphase engine, except that the rotating magnetic field effect produced by the stator will not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no starting torque is obtainable, a design system is included to begin the motor. They are the various designations:
Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors
Shaded-pole: Have only 1 main Single Phase Induction Motor china winding no start winding. This configuration causes a change of the applied magnetic field in relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications consist of enthusiasts and small appliances.
Split-Phase (induction start electric motor)
Has two pieces of stator windings. The “start” windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and change the magnetic field of the stator, inducing starting torque. Applications include little grinders, small enthusiasts, and blowers.
The most common single-phase motor found in industrial applications. It is a modified split-phase electric motor with a capacitor in series with the start winding to supply a start boost. Software include small conveyors, huge blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to supply starting torque. They will be the most reliable single-phase engine because no centrifugal beginning switch is necessary. Applications include followers and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.